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Poinsettia- Euphorbia pulcherrima

Poinsettias are one of the most iconic Christmas plants. It features festive rich red leaves, tiny clusters of bright yellow or white flowers and contrasting deep green foliage, making it a quintessential plant during the holiday season.

As a native Mexican plant, they naturally bloom during winter within the Christmas periods, but in southern hemisphere countries like Australia, professional growers recreate the ideal flowering conditions allowing them to be loved worldwide at any time of the year. These controlled and manipulated growing conditions mean they are finicky species that require specific growing needs to retain their bloom, however, it has resulted in producing various colours including pink, white, purple, orange and yellow for this plant making them perfect additions as table decorations or gifts to friends and family.

A heavy foliage leafy plant with green base leaves that graduate upwards into bright red ones.

 

General Care

Sunlight

Bright, diffused sunlight

Water

Regularly water, allowing for soil to dry between waterings. Do not allow plants to sit in water as it can cause root rot.

Humidity

Suitable for all indoor conditions. Avoid cold drafts and frost.

Soil

Use a high-quality, well-draining potting mix.

Red Poinsettia with tiny yellow flowers in the centre.

Common Problems

Poinsettias are susceptible to various diseases and pests, including fungus gnats, whiteflies, thrips, mealybugs, and powdery mildew. If you notice signs of an infestation or illness, remove the affected area of the plant immediately and treat it with an insecticide or fungicide until all signs of problems have disappeared.

Symptom

Falling Leaves

Cause

Root rot from being overwatered or over-fertilised. May require more light.

Symptom

Yellowing Leaves

Cause

Early signs of root rot or a fungal disease. Over-watered, insufficient light, and over-fertilised. The potting mix may be too acidic or lack magnesium.

Precautions

Poinsettia is mildly toxic to cats and dogs. The milky white sap found in poinsettias can cause mild skin irritation to the touch or when ingested.

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